of, relating to, or characteristic of England, the English people, or the English language. the language of the people of England and the U.S. and many areas now or formerly under British control. a particular variety of English distinguished by peculiarities (as of pronunciation). English language, literature, or composition when a subject of study. the people of England. an English translation. idiomatic or intelligible English. spin around the vertical axis deliberately imparted to a ball that is driven or rolled. to translate into English. to adopt into English: ANGLICIZE. Bill 1961– Simon William English prime minister of New Zealand (2016–2017).