a word, clause, or phrase or a group of clauses or phrases forming a syntactic unit which expresses an assertion, a question, a command, a wish, an exclamation, or the performance of an action, that in writing usually begins with a capital letter and concludes with appropriate end punctuation, and that in speaking is distinguished by characteristic patterns of stress, pitch, and pauses. a mathematical or logical statement (such as an equation or a proposition) in words or symbols. JUDGMENT sense 4a. the punishment so imposed. PERIOD sense 2b. MAXIM, SAW. obsolete: OPINION. to impose a sentence on. to cause to suffer something.